This highly respected UK folk group was formed in Birmingham, West Midlands, in 1956, originally as the Clarion Skiffle Group. Campbell had moved with his parents from his home town of Aberdeen, Scotland, to Birmingham in 1946. The original line-up comprised Campbell (b. 10 June 1933, Aberdeen, Scotland; guitar, vocals), his sister Lorna Campbell (b. Aberdeen, Scotland; vocals), Dave Phillips (guitar) and Gordon McCulloch (banjo). In 1958, they became the Ian Campbell Folk Group, but McCulloch departed the following year and was replaced by John Dunkerley (b. 1942; d. 1977; banjo, guitar, accordion). In 1960, Dave Swarbrick (b. David Cyril Eric Swarbrick, 5 April 1941, New Malden, Surrey, England; fiddle/mandola) joined the group. Issued in 1962, Ceilidh At The Crown was the first ever live folk club recording to be released on vinyl. In 1963, the group signed to Transatlantic Records and Brian Clark (guitar, vocals) joined the line-up as a replacement for Phillips. Clark also became a long-term member, staying until 1978. During the early 60s, the group appeared on television programmes such as theHootenanny Show, Barn Dance and Hullabaloo. In addition, they regularly played to full houses in concert at venues such as the Royal Albert Hall, and the Royal Festival Hall in London. In 1964, they were invited to perform at the Newport Folk Festival in the USA, and in 1965, they became the first non-US group to record a Bob Dylan song; their cover version of ‘The Times They Are A-Changin’’ reached the UK Top 50 in March 1965. The group added bass player Mansell Davies in 1966, but he emigrated to Canada three years later, and later became an organizer of Canadian festivals such as Calgary. After Swarbrick’s departure in 1966, the group worked with George Watts (flute), who appeared on only two albums, New Impressions Of The Ian Campbell Folk Group and The Ian Campbell Folk Group, the latter recorded in Czechoslovakia. Unfortunately, due to the prevailing political climate of the time, the record was never released outside the country, and the group did not receive royalties. Watts left in 1968, but a year earlier the group took on bass player Dave Pegg (b. David Pegg, 2 November 1947, Acocks Green, Birmingham, England), who remained with them for three years before joining Fairport Convention. In 1969, Andy Smith (banjo, mandolin, guitar, fiddle) joined, leaving in 1971. That same year, Mike Hadley (bass) joined the ever-changing line-up, leaving in 1974. In 1976, Campbell wrote the 12-song suite Adam’s Rib for his sister Lorna; the songs dealt with the different crisis points in a woman’s life. By now, John Dunkerley had left the group owing to ill health, and died in 1977 from Hodgkinson’s disease, aged just 34. The group disbanded in 1978, with Campbell having taken a place at university as a mature student. As the group still had bookings to honour, various session players were recruited for live performances, including Aiden Ford (banjo, mandola), Colin Tommis (guitar) and Neil Cox (guitar). Many of Ian Campbell’s songs are often thought of as traditional, but those such as ‘The Sun Is Burning’ have been covered by countless others, including Simon And Garfunkel.Portions of Content Provided by Rovi Corporation.
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