Malone's debut album Stoney (2016) featured the hit single "Congratulations", and set the record for most weeks on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, with 77. His second album, Beerbongs & Bentleys (2018), debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 and broke several streaming records upon release. Featuring the US Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles "Rockstar" and "Psycho", it was nominated for Album of the Year at the 2018 Grammy Awards. In 2018, Malone collaborated with American singer-rapper Swae Lee on the song "Sunflower" for the soundtrack to the film Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse, which reached the top of the Billboard Hot 100. His third album, Hollywood's Bleeding, explored indie pop and was released in late 2019. It became his second number-one album on the Billboard 200 and featured the Hot 100 number-one single "Circles", which spent a record 39 weeks in the top ten on the Hot 100.
Malone has sold more than 80 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling music artists. His accolades include three American Music Awards, 10 Billboard Music Awards, and an MTV Video Music Award. Additionally, he has received six Grammy Award nominations during his career. In August 2020, Malone became the first ever solo artist to top both the US Billboard Rap Airplay and Adult Contemporary charts as a lead artist when "Circles" reached number one on the latter, with "Rockstar" having reached number one on the former in 2017. Additionally, having reached the top spot in its 41st week on the chart, "Circles" holds the record for the longest climb to number one on the US Adult Contemporary airplay chart among songs by solo artists. Malone also received a Diamond certification by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in the United States for "Congratulations".