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July 4, 2022 41 min

Deborah Sampson could count William Bradford and Myles Standish in her family tree. That tree didn’t include Robert Shurtlliff; that was the alias Deborah used to enlist in the Continental Army.


  • "Deborah Sampson." Encyclopedia of World Biography Online, vol. 37, Gale, 2017. Gale In Context: Biography, Accessed 13 June 2022.
  • Cowan, Leigh Alison. “The Woman Who Sneaked Into George Washington’s Army.” New York Times. 7/2/2019.
  • Davis, Curtis Carroll. “A ‘Galantress’ Gets Her Due: The Earliest Published Notice of Deborah Sampson.” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society  1981-10-21: Vol 91 Iss 2.
  • Foner, Philip S. “Black Participation in the Centennial of 1876.” Phylon (1960-) , 4th Qtr., 1978, Vol. 39, No. 4 (4th Qtr., 1978).
  • Gannett, Deborah Sampson. “Diary of Deborah Sampson Gannett in 1802 (facsimile).” Facsimile by Eugene Tappan. 1901.
  • Grant De Pauw, Linda. “REPLY: Deborah Sampson Gannett.” H-Minvera Discussion Logs. 2/9/2000.
  • Hiltner, Judith. “’The Example of our Heroine’: Deborah Sampson and the Legacy of Herman Mann's The Female Review.”  American Studies , Spring, 2000, Vol. 41, No. 1. Via JSTOR.
  • Hiltner, Judith. “She Bled in Secret’: Deborah Sampson, Herman Mann and ‘The Female Review.’” Early American Literature , 1999, Vol. 34, No. 2. Via JSTOR.
  • Hiltner, Judth R. “’Like a Bewildered Star": Deborah Sampson, Herman Mann, and ‘Address, Delivered with Applause’.” Rhetoric Society Quarterly , Spring, 1999, Vol. 29, No. 2. Via JSTOR.
  • Historic New England. “Gown.”
  • Katz, Brigit. “Diary Sheds Light on Deborah Sampson, Who Fought in the Revolutionary War.” Smithsonian. 7/2/2019.
  • Lafleur, Greta L. “Precipitous Sensations: Herman Mann's ‘The Female Review’ (1797), Botanical Sexuality, and the Challenge of Queer Historiography.” Early American Literature , 2013, Vol. 48, No. 1. Via JSTOR.
  • Letter from Paul Revere to William Eustis, 20 February 1804. Transcript.
  • Mann, Herman. “The female review: or, Memoirs of an American young lady; whose life and character are peculiarly distinguished--being a Continental soldier, for nearly three years, in the late American war. During which time, she performed the duties of every department, into which she was called, with punctual exactness, fidelity and honor, and preserved her chastity inviolate, by the most artful concealment of her sex. : With an appendix, containing charcteristic traits, by different hands; her taste for economy, principles of domestic education, &c..”  1797 .
  • Michals, Debra, editor. “Deborah Sampson.” National Women’s History Museum.
  • Michals, Debra.  "Margaret Cochran Corbin."  National Women's History Museum.  2015.
  • Nell, William C. “Colored Patriots of the American Revolution.” Robert F. Wallcut. 1855.
  • Nellis, Rachel. “Deborah Sampson at War.” The American Revolution Institute. May 15, 2020.
  • Norwood, William Frederick. “Deborah Sampson, Alias Robert Shirtliff, Fighting Female of the Continental Line.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine. March-April 1957. Via JSTOR.
  • Phoner, Philip S. “Black Participation in the Centennial of 1876.” Phylon (1960-) , 4th Qtr., 1978, Vol. 39, No. 4. Via JSTOR. :
  • Roberts, Cokie. “Founding Mothers.” Excerpted at the Museum of the American Revolution.
  • Serfilippi, Jessie. “Deborah Sampson.” George Washington’s Mount Vernon Center for Digital History.
  • Sharon Historical Society. “Publications of the Sharon Historical Society of Sharon, Massachusetts.” 1905.
  • See for privacy information.

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