Sadler's Lectures

Sadler's Lectures

I'm that YouTube Philosophy Guy! Find more than 1,500 videos in my main channel. Support my video and podcast work! https://www.patreon.com/sadler Due to popular demand - and with the work underwritten by my Patreon supporters - I have started converting my videos into MP3 files listeners can listen to anywhere they want! Once I reach a higher level of support on Patreon, I plan to start creating original episodes in a new podcast series. Want to help me get that started? Become a supporter!... Show More

Episodes

September 18, 2020 12 min
This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient philosopher Aristotle's work of moral theory, the Nicomachean Ethics Specifically it focuses focuses upon his discusses his criticism of the Platonic conception of the Form of the Good in book 1. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, you can do so here - www.paypal.me/ReasonIO - or at BuyMeA...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient philosopher Aristotle's work of moral theory, the Nicomachean Ethics Specifically it focuses focuses upon his discussion about the (proper) function of a human being and what that tells us about the nature of human happiness To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, you can do so here - www.paypa...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient philosopher Aristotle's work of moral theory, the Nicomachean Ethics Specifically it focuses focuses upon his discussion of activities, arts, sciences, and the like as purposive activities, brought up in the very first paragraph of the work To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, you can do so...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient philosopher Aristotle's work of moral theory, the Nicomachean Ethics Specifically it focuses focuses upon his discussion of how first principles are derived and used, and what degree of exactness is possible, within the discipline of ethics, in book 1. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, y...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the Utilitarian philosopher, Jeremy Bentham's work, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Here we examine the distinction he makes between partial and extensive benevolence. Partial Benevolence is a motivation which involves taking pleasure in helping -- producing pleasure or removing pain -- a limited portion of the larger community. Extensive Benevolence looks to the...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the Utilitarian philosopher, Jeremy Bentham's work, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Here we examine the different main motives for human actions and choices which Bentham distinguishes. It also discusses how these motives can be evaluated in moral terms. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direc...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the Utilitarian philosopher, Jeremy Bentham's work, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Here we examine his discussion of Intentions, Motives, and Dispositions. He examines what they are, and addresses how they can be evaluated morally. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, you can...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the Utilitarian philosopher, Jeremy Bentham's work, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Here we run through the many different main types of pleasures and pains which he discusses in chapter 5 of that work To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, you can do so here - www.paypal.me/Reas...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the Utilitarian philosopher, Jeremy Bentham's work, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Here we focus in particular on Bentham's commitment to ethical hedonism, and his refinement of the notion of "utility", absolutely central to the Utilitarian philosophical tradition. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the Utilitarian philosopher, Jeremy Bentham's work, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Here we focus in particular on his discussion of three principles for moral decision making that would seem to be opposed to the principle of utility. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, you ca...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the Utilitarian philosopher, Jeremy Bentham's work, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Here we focus in particular on his discussion of the basic notion of his version of Utilitarianism as a moral theory. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, you can do so here - www.paypal.me/Reas...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the contemporary Utilitarian philosopher, Peter Singer's essay The Biological Basis of Ethics, excerpted from his book, The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology Here we focus in particular on his discussion of group altruism, which he distinguishes from kin altruism and reciprocal altruism. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the contemporary Utilitarian philosopher, Peter Singer's essay The Biological Basis of Ethics, excerpted from his book, The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology Here we focus in particular on his discussion of the problem the prisoner's dilemma raises for egoists, and how reciprocal altruism provides a resolution to the dilemma. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site -...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the contemporary Utilitarian philosopher, Peter Singer's essay The Biological Basis of Ethics, excerpted from his book, The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology Here we focus in particular on his discussion of how perceived motivation plays a role in reciprocal altruism To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct cont...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the contemporary Utilitarian philosopher, Peter Singer's essay The Biological Basis of Ethics, excerpted from his book, The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology Here we focus in particular on his discussion about how reciprocal altruism functions as an ethical norm in many settings. He also engages in some speculation about how evolutionary developments could have brought this about ...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the contemporary Utilitarian philosopher, Peter Singer's essay The Biological Basis of Ethics, excerpted from his book, The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology Here we focus in particular on his discussion of altruistic behavior extended towards family members or "kin", the roles it plays in ethics, and speculations about the basis of kin altruism. To support my ongoing work...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient pre-Socratic philosopher, Heraclitus of Ephesus (sometimes called "the obscure"). Here we focus in particular on those of his fragments which have to do with what he calls "the logos". To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, you can do so here - www.paypal.me/ReasonIO - or at BuyM...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient pre-Socratic philosopher, Heraclitus of Ephesus (sometimes called "the obscure"). Here we focus in particular on those of his fragments which have to do with fire and the other three elements (air, water, earth), and with the ordering of cosmic processes To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribut...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient pre-Socratic philosopher, Heraclitus of Ephesus (sometimes called "the obscure"). Here we focus in particular on those of his fragments which have to do with the divine (the daimon, theos, or Zeus in Greek) and its relations with the human. To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you'd like to make a direct contribution, you can d...
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This lecture discusses key ideas from the ancient pre-Socratic philosopher, Heraclitus of Ephesus (sometimes called "the obscure"). Here we focus in particular on those of his fragments which have to do with the war, strife, opposition, and harmony - a set of key ideas that run through his thought about the world, reality, and human beings To support my ongoing work, go to my Patreon site - www.patreon.com/sadler If you&...
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