Healthy Eyes 101

Healthy Eyes 101

Patient-centered health education focused on the eyes. Each week we interview ophthalmologists and optometrists about various eye conditions and discuss the latest in treatments.... Show More

Episodes

September 14, 2020 18 min

Diabetes mellitus can affect the eyes in multiple ways. Even early in the diagnosis, high blood sugar levels can cause changes in the natural lens of the eye that can alter one’s refractive error (glasses prescription). Diabetes can also lead to earlier cataract formation. On this episode of the Healthy Eyes 101 podcast, Dr. Lisa Borkowski, a specialist with Midwest Retina, talks about diabetic retinopathy, one of the leading cause...

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Refractive eye surgery involves changing the refractive state of the eye to decrease one’s dependency on glasses or contact lenses. The first corneal refractive surgical procedure developed was radial keratotomy (RK). Corneal instability and progressive shifting of the refraction (glasses prescription) made this surgery obsolete. 

LASIK (Laser-Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis) and PRK (PhotoRefractive Keratectomy) use the excimer las...

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Oculoplastic specialist, Dr. Kenneth Cahill, joins Dr. Suh to discuss a bothersome condition – epiphora, the medical term for watering eyes. Why does excessive tearing occur and what we can do about it? Blocked tear ducts are a major cause of chronic watering.  

Causes of excessive watering

  • Overproduction of tears
  • Abnormalities of the eyelids (ectropion (outward turning of the lower lid), entropion (in-turning of the lower lid), or li...
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    On this episode Dr. George Chioran and Dr. Steven Suh answer the most common patient questions that are asked about cataracts and cataract surgery. 

  • What is a cataract and why do they occur? 
  • What symptoms do people with cataracts have? 
  • What are some other options before proceeding with surgery? 
  • How do the surgeon and the patient decide when the time is right for surgery? 
  • What do you tell patients who are going to have cataract surge...
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    Dr. Ashley San Filippo returns to the Healthy Eyes 101 podcast to discuss MIGS (Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery), a relatively new category of glaucoma procedures that have advantages over traditional glaucoma surgeries.

    Lowering eye pressure is the major goal of glaucoma treatment since this disease is not curable. Medicated eye drops, laser surgery, and traditional surgery are various ways to treat glaucoma. If patients are on...

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    In this episode Dr. Suh interviews Dr. Chirag Patel,  a retina specialist, about two conditions that can affect central vision - macula puckers and macular holes. 

    Patients with a macular pucker (also called epiretinal membrane, epimacular membrane, cellophane maculopathy, and surface wrinkling retinopathy) will have symptoms of distortion or blurred vision that does not go away. A pseudohole is a variant of a macular pucker that lo...

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    Dr. Karl Pappa, a glaucoma specialist, joins Dr. Suh on this episode to discuss all aspects of glaucoma medications. Glaucoma, a disease of the optic nerve, is thought to be worsened by increased eye pressure. The goal of treatment, whether it be with eye drops, laser or surgery, is to lower the intraocular pressure (IOP).

    Categories of Glaucoma Medications

  • Prostaglandin analogs
  • Xalatan (latanoprost), Lumigan (bimatoprost), Travatan Z...
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    Retina specialist, Dr. Dominic Buzzacco, joins Dr. Suh to talk about age-related macular degeneration (AMD), one of the most common causes of central vision loss in people over 50. People with early AMD will notice distortion, blurred vision, a blind spot, or, sometimes, nothing.

    Risk factors include:

  • Age over age 50
  • Caucasian
  • Smoking
  • Family history (a first-degree relative increases the risk seven-fold)
  • Light-colored irises
  • Uncontrolled ...
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    Dr. Sugat Patel, a retina specialist, joins Dr. Suh to discuss retinal detachments (RD), a potentially sight-threatening condition. Around 5 in 100,000 people per year will develop a retinal detachment.

    A posterior vitreous detachment, separation of the liquefied vitreous gel from the retina, will occur eventually in most people. It is a major cause of flashes of light or floaters in the vision. Sometimes this may also lead to a ret...

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    In this tenth episode, Dr. Suh takes a departure from his usual format to interview his ophthalmology residency director and chairman, Dr. John Barber, about the three books he has written since retirement. 

    His first book, The Joy of Medical Practice: Forty Years of Interesting Patients, is about the many interesting patients he has encountered from his medical school years to his last years in practice.

    In his second book, Hey, Doc...

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    Dr. George Chioran returns to the Healthy Eyes 101 podcast to talk about a common reason for urgent visits to the eye doctor’s office – flashes and floaters.  He will be describing the different reasons why people may see flashing lights. We will then talk about the causes and risk factors for floaters and why it is important for you to be seen quickly for a dilated eye examination.  We will end by discussing various treatments for...

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    On this special episode, Dr. Steven Suh and practice administrator, Laura Kunze, discuss the new procedures and protocols to ensure patient safety during their eye exam to minimize the risk of potentially spreading the coronavirus during this historic pandemic. 

    Please understand that this episode came out in early June of 2020 so these rules may have changed by the time you have listened to this. 

    Before the day of the appointment, ...

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    In this episode Dr. Steven Suh interviews Dr. Katie Wulff, an optometrist, about a specialty gas-permeable contact lens called scleral lenses. Some people have abnormal corneal curvatures and irregularities which make it difficult for them to see even with glasses or soft contact lenses. Stephen Curry, an NBA star with the Golden State Warriors, wears scleral lenses because of his corneal condition called keratoconus

    Rigid gas-per...

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    Dr. Steven Suh interviews Dr. Kenneth Beckman about a debilitating, corneal thinning condition called keratoconus.

    The incidence is approximately 1 in 2,000 individuals.

    The major risk factors include atopic disease, Down’s Syndrome, some family history, floppy eyelid syndrome, and chronic eye rubbing.

    Symptoms

  • Initially patients may be asymptomatic
  • Blurred or distorted vision from increasing nearsightedness and/or astigmatism
  • Increased ...
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    On this show Dr. Steven Suh and Dr. Julia Geldis have a thorough conversation about contact lenses.

    Contact lenses have some advantages over glasses. People with higher prescriptions find that they are more comfortable from a vision standpoint because contacts do not cause as much minification or enlargement of images as with glasses. They are usually preferable when playing sports and doing other physical activities. 

    Dr. Geldis is ...

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    On this episode Dr. Steven Suh interviews Dr. Ashley San Filippo about primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), the most common type of glaucoma. 

    Glaucoma is a progressive disease of the optic nerve (the cable–like bundle of nerve fibers that transmits visual information from the eye to the brain) that may be associated with eye pressure build-up. 

    There are two main types of glaucoma – open-angle and angle-closure (or narrow-angle).

    Near...

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    On this episode Dr. George Chioran and Dr. Suh will be discussing bumps in the eyelids that may be acute or chronic. Chalazia and hordeola (styes), can greatly affect people when they occur because of the pain and swelling that can be present. They will talk about risk factors and what you can do to prevent these. Dr. Chioran will also review the different types of treatments that can be done from home and in the office. 

  • Warm compr...
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    In this episode Dr. Suh interviews Dr. Ken Beckman about all aspects of dry eye disease. They first delve into the common signs and symptoms. Dr. Beckman then discusses the special tests that can be performed at your eye doctor’s office to confirm which type of dry eye disease you may have.  Lastly, he does a comprehensive review of the wide-ranging treatments that are available today. 

    Below are links to some more information about...

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    Since this is a show about eye health, this first episode introduces the basics. Dr. George Chioran and Dr. Suh discuss the different parts of the eye, refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and presbyopia), and the differences in the roles among the various eye care professionals (ophthalmologists, optometrists, and opticians).

    You can find out more about Dr. Chioran and Dr. Suh's practice at their we...

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    This is a brief trailer to introduce Healthy Eyes 101 - a podcast for patient-centered health education focused on the eyes. The host, Steven Suh, MD, will interview the brightest ophthalmologists and optometrists to educate you about various eye conditions and their most up-to-date treatments.

    You can find out more about Dr. Suh and his practice at his website

    This is intended for informational and educational purposes only, and ...

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