Westminster Shorter Catechism

Westminster Shorter Catechism

The idea of imparting a body of truth (rudiments of the faith) is found repeatedly in scripture under many different terms and descriptions. We are not given a complete catechism or confession in the Bible. That is because we are to write our own according to the needs of the day. They must refute new heresies as they arise. Our Lord has called us to catechise in His church… to teach disciples the basics of the faith. Make the most of this instruction: memorise your Catechism, listen to the messages, and pray for the Spirit to work.


September 4, 2022 46 min
Q. 107 What doth the conclusion of the Lord's Prayer teach us?A. The conclusion of the Lord's Prayer (which is, For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever, Amen) teacheth us to take our encouragement in prayer from God only, and in our prayers to praise Him, ascribing kingdom, power, and glory to Him. And in testimony of our desire and assurance to be heard, we say, Amen.Today we come to the last quest...
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Q. 106 What do we pray for in the sixth petition?A. In the sixth petition, (which is, And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil) we pray, that God would either keep us from being tempted to sin, or support and deliver us when we are tempted.As those who are in Christ, we do not want to be drawn away from the Lord. We love Him. From Him we have new life. We do not want anything to disrupt our communion with Him. That...
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August 7, 2022 44 min
Q. 105 What do we pray for in the fifth petition?A. In the fifth petition, (which is, And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors) we pray, that God, for Christ's sake, would freely pardon all our sins; which we are the rather encouraged to ask, because by His grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive others.Forgiveness is letting go of wrongs that have been done to you. You all know about this. God describes forgi...
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Q. 104 What do we pray for in the fourth petition?A. In the fourth petition, (which is, Give us this day our daily bread,) we pray, that of God's free gift we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy His blessing with them.You will notice a change that comes with the fourth petition from the use of the word "Your" to the use of the word "our." Here we begin to pray for our own n...
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July 24, 2022 46 min
Q. 103 What do we pray for in the third petition?A. In the third petition (which is, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven) we pray, That God, by His grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to His will in all things, as the angels do in heaven.As with last week, my text for this sermon is simply the words in Matthew 6:10, Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven
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July 17, 2022 47 min
Q. 102 What do we pray for in the second petition?A. In the second petition (which is Thy Kingdom come) we pray, that Satan's kingdom may be destroyed; and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced, ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in it; and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened.As we consider what it means to pray for God's kingdom to come, we will begin with a foundational question: What is the Kingdom ...
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July 10, 2022 43 min
Q. 101 What do we pray for in the first petition?A. In the first petition (which is, Hallowed be thy name) we pray, that God would enable us and others to glorify Him in all that whereby He maketh Himself known; and that He would dispose all things to His own glory.You see how important it was to Jesus that God's name would be hallowed. Today, we will see how this desire is foundational to all proper praying.
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July 3, 2022 48 min
Q. 100 What doth the preface to the Lord's Prayer teach us?A. The preface to the Lord's Prayer (which is, Our Father, which art in heaven) teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help us; and that we should pray with and for others.Why does Jesus tell us to use the plural word Our when we address God? Our Father in heaven instead of My Father in heav...
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June 26, 2022 50 min
Q. 99 What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer?A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in prayer; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Christ taught His disciples, commonly called The Lord's Prayer.Does it seem strange to talk about a rule for prayer? Isn't real prayer supposed to be spontaneous and free? It is to be a sincere expression of our desires, but it is also to be acco...
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June 19, 2022 46 min
Q. 98 What is prayer?A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God, for things agreeable to His will, in the name of Christ, with confession of our sins, and thankful acknowledgement of His mercies.Today in our sermon series based on the Westminster Shorter Catechism, we come to a new section pertaining to the means of grace. Remember that the means of grace are the means God uses to bring grace to us. We have seen how He use...
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Q. 97 What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's Supper?A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's Supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body, of their faith to feed upon Him, of their repentance, love, and new obedience; lest, coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgement to themselves.Today we are continuing to look at the sacraments—specif...
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Q. 96. What is the Lord's Supper?A. The Lord's Supper is a sacrament, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine according to Christ's appointment, his death is showed forth; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace.See here how our dear Lord Jesus shows us what...
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May 22, 2022 55 min
Q. 95 To whom is Baptism to be administered?A. Baptism is not be administered to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to Him; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptised.Today, I want to show you from scripture that we are not to neglect the baptism of either those who profess or of their children.
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May 15, 2022 48 min
Q. 94 What is Baptism?A. Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to the Lord's.I will endeavour to explain this and to support it from the Bible so that you can better understand what baptism is. Mark beg...
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May 8, 2022 56 min
Q. 93 Which are the sacraments of the New Testament?A. The sacraments of the New Testament are, Baptism, and the Lord's Supper.That is a simple question to memorise and answer, but it is not such a simple question to explain because the church has very divergent views. The view presented in our catechism is that of the churches of the Reformation (500 years ago) which sought to return to the teaching and worship appointed by Ch...
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May 1, 2022 60 min
Q. 92 What is a sacrament?A. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ; wherein, by sensible signs, Christ, and the benefits of the new covenant are represented, sealed, and applied to believers.What a gracious Saviour He is to give us sacraments as an additional help to our faith! Our scripture reading is from a passage that shows us His zeal for helping our faith.
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April 24, 2022 57 min
Q. 91 How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation?A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them; but only by the blessing of Christ, and the working of His Spirit, in them that by faith receive them.Do not think that you are blessed simply because you were baptised and eat the Lord's Supper.
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April 17, 2022 46 min
Q. 90 How is the Word to be read and heard that it may become effectual to salvation?A. That the Word may become effectual to salvation, we must attend thereunto with diligence, preparation, and prayer; receive it with faith and love, lay it up in our hearts, and practice it in our lives.As you can see, the reception of the Word is a very serious matter. There are four soils, and only one of them receives the Word for salvation! On...
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Q. 89 How is the Word made effectual to salvation?A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading but especially the preaching of the Word, and effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort through faith, unto salvation.This afternoon we are going to look at how God uses the Bible in our lives.
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March 27, 2022 54 min
Q. 88 What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption?A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption are His ordinances, especially the word, sacraments, and prayer; all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation.He Himself uses these means to bring the benefits of His redemption to us.
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