The Mishlei Podcast

The Mishlei Podcast

My name is Rabbi Matt Schneeweiss, and this is the hub for all of my shiurim (classes) on Sefer Mishlei, a.k.a. The Book of Proverbs! Generally speaking we will follow the approach to Mishlei outlined by Saadia Gaon who views Mishlei as a guide for intelligent decision-making in everyday life with the goal of maximizing long-term pleasure and minimizing long-term pain. Each shiur will typically focus on one pasuk (verse), which we will attempt to analyze on our own before turning to the meforshim (commentators). If you have any questions feel free to email me at rabbischneeweiss at gmail. Thanks for listening!

Episodes

May 10, 2021 43 min

רׇב אָדָם יִקְרָא אִישׁ חַסְדּוֹ וְאִישׁ אֱמוּנִים מִי יִמְצָא:

This morning (5/10/21 at YBT) we began learning one of the few pesukim in Mishlei that has anything to do with chesed (kindness). It shouldn't come as a surprise that Mishlei takes a very Mishleic approach to the topic of chesed. (I won't spoil that tautology by expanding on what it means here.)

I should also mention that as the result of an honest and open disc...

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מַיִם עֲמֻקִּים עֵצָה בְלֶב אִישׁ וְאִישׁ תְּבוּנָה יִדְלֶנָּה:

This morning (5/6/21 at YBT) we went back to our regularly scheduled Mishlei programming, continuing where we left off in Chapter 20. At first glance, today's pasuk looked fairly straightforward, but we soon discovered that it could be read in different ways even with the same translation and syntax. After coming up with our own idea, we learned the Rabbeinu Yonah&#...

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(ו) לֵךְ אֶל נְמָלָה עָצֵל רְאֵה דְרָכֶיהָ וַחֲכָם.
(ז) אֲשֶׁר אֵין לָהּ קָצִין שֹׁטֵר וּמֹשֵׁל.
(ח) תָּכִין בַּקַּיִץ לַחְמָהּ אָגְרָה בַקָּצִיר מַאֲכָלָהּ.
(ט) עַד מָתַי עָצֵל תִּשְׁכָּב מָתַי תָּקוּם מִשְּׁנָתֶךָ.
(י) מְעַט שֵׁנוֹת מְעַט תְּנוּמוֹת מְעַט חִבֻּק יָדַיִם לִשְׁכָּב.
(יא) וּבָא כִמְהַלֵּךְ רֵאשֶׁךָ וּמַחְסֹרְךָ כְּאִישׁ מָגֵן.

This morning (5/5/21 at YBT) we continued our analysis of the Meiri's "derech ha'nis...

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(?) ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????.
(?) ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????.
(?) ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????????.
(?) ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????????????.
(?) ????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????.
(??) ????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ?????.

This morning (5/4/21 at YBT) we continued our analysis of the cluster of pesukim in Mishlei 6 ab...

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????????? ?? ???? ????????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????:

In our Monday Night Mishlei shiur (5/3/21 with Lomdeha, hosted by YBT) we learned a pasuk which was an anomaly in that it focused on Hashem's actions, without any reference to Mishleic personalities. After working out the translation of the pasuk and reviewing what it means when Mishlei talks about Hashem, we came up with two approaches which were reflected in the Rabbeinu ...

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(?) ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????.
(?) ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????.
(?) ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????????.
(?) ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????????????.
(?) ????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????.
(??) ????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ?????.

This morning (5/3/21 at YBT) we continued our analysis of the cluster of pesukim in Mishlei 6 ab...

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(ו) לֵךְ אֶל נְמָלָה עָצֵל רְאֵה דְרָכֶיהָ וַחֲכָם.
(ז) אֲשֶׁר אֵין לָהּ קָצִין שֹׁטֵר וּמֹשֵׁל.
(ח) תָּכִין בַּקַּיִץ לַחְמָהּ אָגְרָה בַקָּצִיר מַאֲכָלָהּ.
(ט) עַד מָתַי עָצֵל תִּשְׁכָּב מָתַי תָּקוּם מִשְּׁנָתֶךָ.
(י) מְעַט שֵׁנוֹת מְעַט תְּנוּמוֹת מְעַט חִבֻּק יָדַיִם לִשְׁכָּב.
(יא) וּבָא כִמְהַלֵּךְ רֵאשֶׁךָ וּמַחְסֹרְךָ כְּאִישׁ מָגֵן.

This morning (4/29/21 at YBT) we took a detour to a cluster of pesukim from the Introduction to ...

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מֵחֹרֶף עָצֵל לֹא יַחֲרֹשׁ [וְשָׁאַל] (ישאל) בַּקָּצִיר וָאָיִן:

This morning (4/28/21 at YBT) we learned another relatively straightforward pasuk - thanks, in no small measure, to the definition of laziness provided by Saadia Gaon in his introduction to Mishlei. The insight we gained was still valuable, and we would like to give more thought to the topic tomorrow.
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מקורות:
משלי כ:ד
תרגום רס"ג - משלי כ:ד
פירוש רס"ג - הק...

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??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????????:

This morning (4/27/21 at YBT) we learned a pasuk that was refreshingly straightforward and easy to interpret, yet just as rich and practical as the other ideas in Mishlei. We even managed to connect it to yesterday's pasuk, "Rabbeinu Yonah style" (in quotation marks because Rabbeinu Yonah, himself, didn't connect it in this way).
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??????:
???? ?:?
????? ??...

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My understanding of several Mishleic personalities has been shifting as of late, and I wanted to explore some of these insights with my Monday Night Mishlei group. For this reason, we took a break from our pasuk-by-pasuk learning of Mishlei Chapter 10 in our Monday Night Mishlei shiur (4/26/21 with Lomdeha, hosted by YBT) in order to refine our understanding of three Mishleic archetypes: the naar (misguided youth), the pesi (naive ...

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????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ????????:

This morning (4/26/21 at YBT) we learned a pasuk that was quite similar to Mishlei 19:12, which we learned earlier this year. We arrived at two ideas here: one based on a creative reading which was aimed at the king (and anyone who is in a position of eminent leadership), and the other based on the pshat which was aimed at the subject (and anyone who is in a subordinate ro...

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לֵץ הַיַּיִן הֹמֶה שֵׁכָר וְכׇל שֹׁגֶה בּוֹ לֹא יֶחְכָּם:

This morning (4/21/21 at YBT) we wrapped up our analysis of yesterday's pasuk. We managed to resolve the problems we had with the Metzudas David's interpretation yesterday. We then learned Rabbeinu Yonah's explanation, which (it turns out) was where I got half of mine from. Lastly, we explored a metaphorical interpretation based on the Yalkut Shimoni.
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מקו...

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לֵץ הַיַּיִן הֹמֶה שֵׁכָר וְכׇל שֹׁגֶה בּוֹ לֹא יֶחְכָּם:

This morning (4/21/21 at YBT) we continued our analysis of yesterday's pasuk. First we reviewed and refined two of the approaches from yesterday. The second of those approaches gave rise to a third, which we also explored. We then began working on the Metzudas David's explanation, which I felt was missing something but which others in the shiur weren't bothered by...

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לֵץ הַיַּיִן הֹמֶה שֵׁכָר וְכׇל שֹׁגֶה בּוֹ לֹא יֶחְכָּם:

This morning (4/20/21 at YBT) we began learning a VERY difficult-to-translate pasuk. We were immediately confronted with six or seven different ways to translate it. Nevertheless, we were able to make some headway in our understanding, and began developing several approaches. Tomorrow we'll try to clarify today's insights, and then consult the meforshim.
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מקו...

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שִׂפְתֵי צַדִּיק יִרְעוּ רַבִּים וֶאֱוִילִים בַּחֲסַר לֵב יָמוּתוּ:

In our Monday Night Mishlei shiur (4/19/21 with Lomdeha, hosted by YBT) we came up with two ideas. The first was a nice, standard Mishleic idea which followed Saadia Gaon's translation. The second was a foundational insight into the personality of the eveel (Pleasure-Seeking Fool) with far-reaching implications. Let this stand as an example of how the most basic...

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נָכוֹנוּ לַלֵּצִים שְׁפָטִים וּמַהֲלֻמוֹת לְגֵו כְּסִילִים:

This morning (4/19/21 at YBT) we learned a pasuk which seems to be fundamental in our understanding of leiztim and ksilim. We explored several different approaches and refined them to around the 75-90% complete range. There are still some questions that remain to be answered and some ideas that remain to be developed, but at least we managed to gain some insights.
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...

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עֵד בְּלִיַּעַל יָלִיץ מִשְׁפָּט וּפִי רְשָׁעִים יְבַלַּע אָוֶן:

This morning (4/15/21 at YBT) we learned a pasuk which felt like a multiple-choice test when it came to the translation. After some initial fumbling we arrived at not one, not two, but three interpretations! The bonus is that all three interpretations were based on only one translation, which means that there still other avenues to explore.
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מקורות:
משלי יט:כח
ת...

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עֹכֵר בֵּיתוֹ בּוֹצֵעַ בָּצַע וְשׂוֹנֵא מַתָּנֹת יִחְיֶה:

This morning (4/14/21 at YBT) we departed from our current chapter to take a request: the pasuk which is the source of the oft-quoted idiom "one who hates gifts will live." We were somewhat pressed for time, but we managed to come up with two or three solid approaches.

Please feel free to leave your questions, insights, and feedback in the comments!
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מקורות:
משל...

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חֲדַל בְּנִי לִשְׁמֹעַ מוּסָר לִשְׁגוֹת מֵאִמְרֵי דָעַת:

This morning (4/13/21 at YBT) we continued our analysis of yesterday's syntactically nightmarish pasuk, and - much to our delight - we arrived at several different explanations which all boiled down to one main idea and which aligned with Saadia Gaon's translation and commentary! 
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מקורות:
משלי יט:כז
תרגום ופירוש רס"ג - משלי יט:כז
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If you have quest...

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כֶּסֶף נִבְחָר לְשׁוֹן צַדִּיק לֵב רְשָׁעִים כִּמְעָט:

In our Monday Night Mishlei shiur (4/12/21 with Lomdeha, hosted by YBT) we decided tried an experiment: a part live and part hybrid shiur (as opposed to a Zoom only shiur). The bad news is that the experiment was a failure. The good news is that we still managed to get three explanations of this week's pasuk, which revolved around the difference between the speech of the tza...

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